Updated date:

The Differences in the Way Men and Women Communicate

Cristina is a business professional who has a degree in art and a degree in psychology. A mother of two, community volunteer and writer.


Men and women are so different in the means of communication that it is almost as if they speak separate languages.

Communication is one of the most important skills a human being can possess. In order to have fulfilling careers, relationships and even marriages people need to learn how to communicate with each other. For some people, this comes easy; however for most of us, communication is difficult especially when dealing with a member of the opposite sex.

This is because men and women do not speak the same language.

What causes men and women to speak differently?

In the article “The Different Using of Language Between Sexes” Zheng Baohua takes a social approach to the question by analyzing three aspects of communication;

  1. different dictation,
  2. different syntactic approach
  3. and different communicative strategies.

In discussing the differences in dictation, consider that women reflect more sentimentality when they speak than men do. Women do not typically use profanities in their speech whereas men do, at the same time women use words of praise like good, excellent and wonderful and men usually do not. When speaking, women often try to make the others feel happy whereas men just want to show how wonderful they themselves are.

The syntactic differentiations between males and females deal with directive speech. Men often use directive phrases such as “do this now” and women will be more indirect saying something like “why don’t we do this for awhile?” Women are taught to be more ladylike, and speak gracefully, softly and less forceful.

When communicating, women are active participants in a conversation. While women ask questions to facilitate the flow of conversation, men compete to express their views and are eager to dominate the conversation.

When it comes to linguistics, women speak softer, are more polite and more feminine women also seem more thoughtful in conversation and put more effort into the conversation than men do.

Men’s speeches however, are more forceful and convincing. Apparently these factors are evident because women are emotional while men are more rational in characteristics. Because socially, men are dominant and women are subordinate these differences often reflect in communication.

In his article “Why are Women so Strange and Men so Weird?” Bruce Christopher insists that great communicators know how to speak the language of the opposite sex. Christopher explains that men and women have different rules of etiquette which can unintentionally create frustration and misunderstandings in our relationships. For instance when a woman at a restaurant turns to one of her female companions and asks for her friend to accompany her to the restroom; this is socially acceptable whereas a man would not ask this of another male companion. Christopher says that different rules for men and women apply in our society.


Men talk to build facts, women talk to build connections...

In ordering presentations, men give the “bottom-line” first, while women give the “bottom-line” last supported by a historical narrative approach.

Women are often complaining because men do not communicate with them and tell them what is going on in their life, for example when a woman asks her husband how his day was and he responds by simply saying “fine” instead of giving a historical narrative approach supported by details as the woman expects. The fact is, we use language in different ways, men use communication to report facts while women use communication to build rapport connections.

Women pick up on hidden meanings and read between the lines while men hear the literal translation of the message. Christopher touches on the direct/indirect approach by stating that women suggest while men demand. Even little boys will say “Let’s do this” while little girls will suggest “Why don’t we do this” According to Bruce Christopher, if men and women would learn the gender specific dialects of each other they could communicate more effectively. In order to do this, men would have to increase historical narrative when speaking with women and women would have to put the “bottom-line” first when speaking to men.

Another interesting take on this topic comes from Phyllis Coopers article “The Stress of Life: Are Men and Women Really Different?” which deals with differences in the way men and women deal with stress through communication. The article states that men often respond to stress initially in the fight-or-flight mode, meaning they get in there and tackle the situation sometimes without thinking, or they get away from it. Women, tackle the initial stress through thinking about the situation or discussing it with other women. Most of the time both genders will use a combination of “fight-or-flight” and “tend-and-befriend, however the differences are that women will discuss the stress, the situation, what to do about it, who is involved and how to handle it while men will initially solve the problem or remove themselves from it. Often times, when men do get together in groups in order to deal with stress, they usually do not talk about the actual stress but instead focus on “guy talk” or the sports game they are watching.

Zheng Baohua (2007). The Different Using of Language Between Sexes/DE L'UTILISATION DIFFÉRENTE DE LA LANGUE ENTRE LES DEUX SEXES. Canadian Social Science, 3(4), 61-63. Retrieved February 9, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1590141551).

Bruce Christopher (2008, February). Why Are Women So Strange and Men So Weird? Business Credit, 110(2), 4-6,8. Retrieved February 9, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1428319741).

Phyllis G Cooper (2007). The Stress of Life: Are Men and Women Really Different? Nursing Forum, 42(3), 107-8. Retrieved February 9, 2009, from Research Library database. (Document ID: 1325137721).

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2011 Cristina Cakes


Umesh Chandra Bhatt from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India on January 30, 2020:

Ya, very true as the perspectives are entirely on different horizons. Love and affection are the only things that bind them together.

Amanda Jones on June 10, 2013:

Thanks so much for sharing this wonderful hub! Useful and interesting.

viveresperando from A Place Where Nothing Is Real on February 13, 2013:

I found this quite interesting and enjoyed reading it all the way through! We do speak the same language and at times (men / women) and yet we struggle to communicate. Such is life.

Mr Love Doctor from Puerto Rico on August 04, 2012:

You certainly put a lot of time and effort into this article, and I appreciate the fact you're not just presenting your own opinion but also quoting from other sources. In terms of communication, have you ever noticed that with women, it's okay for them to kiss each other on the cheek and hug, but few men would ever even hug? How sometimes men will give their women friends a quick peck on the cheek, but only after they know them well? It seems to me the communication differences go beyond words to body language, habits, and social mores.

ashely on December 17, 2011:

Hey I need avice can you tell if some one likes you if they love to dance with you +-) ps dyk if a guy likes you his pupuls dialate(get bigger) he can't help it thanks for the advice -ashley:)

SJ on February 21, 2011:

I like this!! My brother says that girls are born with social manuals glued to their butts to give them the edge. If my background could serve as any case study, that's probably about right. According to this hub, my own way of communicating is definitely a male-female hybrid. I am sensitive, but not especially emotional--definitely more rational. I do want people to be happy in a conversation, and when the topic turns "hot-button" I'm likely laying neutral territory. But I don't always understand why women do certain things, or think in a certain way. I never think of going to the bathroom as a group effort, for instance. I'm not easily offended, and I've had to learn to be less...frank with women. I grew up around males, and you just pretty much just say the truth without much fluff. Appreciate your article!!

Related Articles