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12 Myths About Homosexuality Debunked

10-myths-about-gays-and-lesbians-debunked

Why Do LGBTQ+ People Hold Pride and Heterosexuals Don’t?

Heterosexuals don't go to "straight pride" because it's simply not necessary. The rights of these people regarding their orientation and family life are protected at all levels. But heterosexuals also become protesters in situations where their rights are violated. People of any orientation participate in social movements and become activists of public organizations or members of trade unions. No one accuses the miners who are protesting against the non-payment of wages of "screaming about themselves to the whole world." Their demands and protests are recognized as just. The social activity of LGBTQ+ in this sense is no different from the miners' strikes. LGBTQ+ people want to report violations of their rights and demand justice. Rejection of such behavior is quite normal for civil society.

Pride can be held in various forms — a parade, a rally, a march, a festival, a fair, a picnic, and so on. Depending on the specific situation, Pride may be like a carnival holiday or a human rights demonstration, which can be joined not only by members of the community but also by their family and friends.

10-myths-about-gays-and-lesbians-debunked

1. Gays Corrupt Children

Homosexuality is the attraction of people to members of the same sex, not a certain age. It can be just as confidently argued that heterosexuals corrupt children. Studies show that the majority of pedophiles are heterosexual men who are married and have children. In addition, pedophilia — the sexual attraction to children — should not be equated with sexual identity. Pedophilia is a serious criminal offence in most countries of the world.

2. Same-Sex Sex is Unnatural Because it Doesn’t Lead to Procreation

There are a number of scientific papers showing that homosexual behavior occurs not only in humans, but also in many animal species. In 1999, Canadian researcher Bruce Bagmeel described that homosexual behavior is observed in more than 1500 species and is well documented for 500 of them.

Scientific research on animal ethology has proven that sexuality in nature is not limited to reproduction, but is a multifunctional phenomenon. For example, it may be a goal of obtaining pleasure, social communication, etc.

3. A Child Raised by Homosexuals Will Have Problems With Socializations and Will Grow up to be a Homosexual

First, most homosexuals are born in "traditional" families and raised as heterosexuals. Secondly, homosexuality is not something inherently negative, so it is not that we should worry because a child is homosexual, but because society is homophobic.

A child of homosexual parents may have problems socializing through social homophobia. But blaming the parents for this is just as senseless and immoral as blaming a rape victim for the violence that is committed against them. The perpetrators of violence should be punished and educated, not the victims.

10-myths-about-gays-and-lesbians-debunked

4. Homosexuality Is a Pathology

The decision to depathologize homosexuality was made under pressure from activists, and there were no scientific grounds for this. Do not forget that even a hundred years ago a woman was considered a "subhuman". Scientific knowledge is strongly influenced by the dominant social ideology. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that homosexuality was once pathologized based on objective scientific data. Societal prejudices were the basis of the pathologization of homosexuality.

For instance, scientists in the early 20th century published articles in which they proved the harmful effects of education on the reproductive system of women (“if a woman is engaged in science, her uterus will wither”). The first attempts to classify homosexuality as a mental pathology were carried out in the middle of the 19th century. The famous psychiatrist Richard Kraft-Ebing (Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing) called homosexuality one of the 200 forms of pathologies of sexual behavior, classifying it as "sexual psychopathy".

In the 20th century, the logical continuation of the tradition of perceiving homosexuality as a disease was the concept of the German Nazis, according to which homosexuality was considered a genetic defect harmful to the "purity of the race." Putting this theory into practice, in 1936, Nazi Heinrich Himmler founded the "Central Reich Service for the Fight Against Homosexuality and Abortion".

In general, the pathologization of homosexuality is based on a narrow understanding of sexuality as a function, aimed exclusively at procreation, the “normal” implementation of which is possible only between members of different sexes.

10-myths-about-gays-and-lesbians-debunked

5. Homosexuality Is a Sin in Different Religions

People have the right to profess their religion, but the exercise of their freedom of conscience cannot lead to a violation of the rights of other people who profess this religion or understand its dogmas differently. Everyone has the right to consider being homosexual or transgender a sin, but this cannot be grounds for discrimination against LGBT people in society. The choice of religion or atheism is a personal matter for each person, and any religious doctrines cannot be imposed at the state level.

Homosexual relations are viewed as a sin in the traditional denominations of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. In the second half of the 19th century, in parallel with changes in the public consciousness, a liberal revision of attitudes towards homosexuality among Jews and Christians began to take place. At present, some of the Christian churches and branches of Judaism (as well as a small part of the movements in liberal Islam) have abandoned the traditional view of homosexuality. In classical Buddhism, homosexuality is defined as sexual misconduct.

10-myths-about-gays-and-lesbians-debunked

6. Homosexual People are Depraved, They Have a Lot of Sexual Partners

The number of partners and the format of relationships is a personal matter for each person. Among homosexuals, as well as heterosexuals, some people are more comfortable with monogamy or polygamy. These preferences do not depend on orientation. Different people have different views on what their relationship should be, and this is quite normal because people should have freedom of privacy.

7. Homosexuality or Transexuality Can be Cured Through Reparative Therapy or Religious Practice

Conservative Christian and Muslim groups that believe in the possibility of sexual orientation change and aim to overcome homosexuality often turn to the use of so-called reparative therapy to turn homosexuals into heterosexuals and transgender people into cisgenders. Most of these "therapists" adhere to a religious doctrine and include religious teaching, prayer, fasting, or meditation in their methods.

Secular methods involve reading, reflection, and/or exercise. However, most medical professionals and psychologists believe that attempts to change sexual orientation or gender identity are potentially dangerous for the human psyche and impossible. It is a personal abuse.

Critics of reparative therapy make the following arguments:

  • Modern academic science does not consider homosexuality a disease.
  • Transgenderism can not be considered a mental illness in the United States, its depathologization in other countries is a matter of time.
  • Reparative therapy is condemned by leading professional medical, psychological, and pedagogical associations.
  • The theoretical basis of reparative therapy does not correspond to scientific facts and is based more on religious homophobia than on an objective analysis of empirical data.
  • Reparative therapists ignore scientific research that proves that social pressure is the main reason why people want to change their orientation.
10-myths-about-gays-and-lesbians-debunked

8. A Tolerant Attitude Towards LGBTQ+ Will Lead to a Deepening of the Demographic Crisis and the Extinction of Humanity

LGBTQ+ people are just as capable of bearing and raising children as anyone else. To give birth to a child, it is not necessary to have sex with a person of the opposite sex. Science has invented IVF and other methods of artificial insemination. Many heterosexual families are childless, so it is wrong to say that the family exists only for the birth of a child.

9. Homosexuality or Transexuality are Phenomena That Are Not Inherent Everywhere

Some claim homosexuality is debauchery brought from Western Europe.

LGBTQ+ people are among representatives of all ethnic groups. This is confirmed by the data from sociology and history. Moreover, homosexuality and transgenderism are organic components of some traditional cultures (Polynesia, the cultures of the indigenous people of North and South America), they are institutionalized in these communities as appropriate social roles, and do not cause any condemnation or misunderstanding. Representatives of these cultures say that homophobia and transphobia were "imported" to them from Western Europe and that they are contrary to local "traditional values".

10-myths-about-gays-and-lesbians-debunked

10. Sexual Orientation Is a Choice

Modern science cannot conclusively answer the question of the causes of sexual orientation, but the vast majority of research shows that this is the result of biological and environmental forces, and not a personal choice.

The 2008 Swedish Twin Study (the world's largest twin study), which published archives of sexual behavior, concluded that “homosexual behavior is largely determined by genetics and random environmental factors. “Dr. Rahman Qazi, the study co-author and lead scientist on human sexual orientation, said that sexual orientation in general, whether homosexual, bisexual, or heterosexual, is a mixture of genetic and environmental factors.

The American Academy of Pediatrics stated in 1993 (updated 2004) that homosexuality existed in most societies, at least where descriptions of sexual beliefs and practices were available. And that even at that time, most scientists in this area have stated that sexual orientation is not a choice. It's not upon someone to decide if he/she wants to be a homo or hetero.

Questions about what specifically causes sexual orientation in general [are not answered], but most modern science recognizes that it is a complex mixture of biological, environmental, and possibly hormonal factors, but no one chooses orientation.

10-myths-about-gays-and-lesbians-debunked

11. Gays Practice Exclusively Anal Sex and Imitate Male and Female Sexual Roles

The main feature of male homosexuality is the attraction to other men, but not an emphasis on specific sexual practices (for example, anal sex). There are a huge number of different practices through which homosexual men interact with other men. Anal sex is just one of them, but it is certainly not something that everyone practices without exception. Just like how heterosexual people have sex in different ways. Frequently asked questions that focus on trying to figure out “which one of you is a man and which one is a woman” testify to the widespread and erroneous assumption that all gay men play heterosexual roles during anal sex. While many gay men prefer either an active or a passive role.

12. Gays are Feminine, and Lesbians are Masculine

The idea that male homosexuality is directly related to femininity is fundamentally wrong. Of course, there are a certain number of gay men who seek to express themselves through some kind of “traditionally female” markers (behavior, speech, or clothing preferences), but many other gay men do not.

The fact that some men act feminine is not a problem and does not deserve public censure. The problem is that all gays are attributed to a similar style of gender behavior. In fact, gay people, as a demographic, show a huge variety of ways to express themselves and express their masculinity and femininity.

One of the reasons why the myth of the universal “femininity” of gay men is still alive is that many masculine homosexuals sit in the closet and do not speak openly about their sexual orientation, and therefore others do not assume that such a man “can be gay." The same can be said about lesbians. In this regard, the most noticeable are precisely those people who partially correspond to this stereotype of femininity and masculinity.

This content reflects the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and should not be substituted for impartial fact or advice in legal, political, or personal matters.

© 2022 Hamza Hussaini