Skip to main content

The Mental and Physical Benefits of Giving to Others

As a child, I was taught to give to the sick, elderly, and homeless. This legacy is practiced today by my children and grandchildren.

Give to Live

lend a helping hand to others.  It may be your turn next.

lend a helping hand to others. It may be your turn next.

The best way to reduce stressful moments is to be of service to others

When was the last time you took a few minutes to give a helping hand to someone in need? I'm talking about charitable acts of kindness with no thought of what you might receive in return.

Are you so caught up in the day's activities and projects you rarely think about giving to others? Let's not get so caught up with the business of living that we forget about others who may be ill, depressed, or lonely.

Maybe a neighbor could use a trip to the market, or perhaps a shut-in would appreciate dinner brought in. It doesn't take much to make an extra helping of homemade cookies; freeze them for a later time when you want to take someone a treat.

I realize that your mornings fly by, and before you know it, lunchtime has arrived. Not long after lunch, it's time to prepare dinner. And then bedtime comes, and wearily you drop off into a nice deep sleep. Or, maybe you're one of the gazillion people who can't sleep.

Insomnia takes its toll after a time and can shorten your life span. And we know how stress can bring on a heart attack. But what if I told you that there is a way you can actually live longer and enjoy an outstanding, full life?

If we have no peace, it is because we have forgotten that we belong to each other.

Mother Teresa

Give To Live

After researching the mental and physical benefits of giving to others, I coined' Give to Live.' I've learned that those that give live up to 5 years longer than those who do not serve others.

And besides this benefit, think about how you - yes, you, will leave this world a better place. You cause a change for the better each time you help someone else. All you have to do is alter your behavior.

Doing kind deeds for others is something that I grew up with. It wasn't anything special; it was a way of life.

At a very young age, we were taught how to bring a smile to the faces of older folks who were tucked away in 'homes' - alone and forgotten. My little brother, sister, and I would spend an entire afternoon every single week singing to the elderly. I will never forget how thrilled these older seniors were with a visit and a song.

Memories of my mother visiting the sick, sitting with them day in and day out, are still vivid in my mind. Rain or shine, tired or hungry, she could be depended upon to lift the burden, and pain others carried.

It takes so little to make a difference in the life of those who are lonely and hunger for companionship. And actually, we are the ones who though know thought of a rewarding walk away feeling a sense of joy and blessed with energy to spare.

14 Ways to Give to Others

When you give to others, you experience true joy because you focus on someone else and not yourself. But I really began to understand how giving makes good things happen when I carefully read through the book "Why Good Things Happen To Good People."

Of course we don't go about the business of looking for a reward when we give. Still it's mighty nice to know we are rewarded in a variety of ways we never suspect. Good things really do happen to good people. Being a good person means being aware, honing your skills in patience, unselfishness, perception and compassion.

Read More From Pairedlife

Audrey Hunt

I came up with these 14 ways to give to others. Feel free to add your own thoughts to this list:

  • Give someone who needs a hug a nice warm hug and put some energy into it..
  • Call an old friend that you have neglected. Let them know you still care and think of them.
  • Share your dinner with someone who is ill or lives alone.
  • Make cookies for those who are sad. Leave these on the doorstep wrapped with love.
  • Mow the lawn for the elderly. My son did this regularly without payment.
  • Send a friendly card for any reason. A nice reminder which makes a soft connection.
  • Send a thank you letter to someone you appreciate.
  • Offer to babysit. Young couples really need some time to themselves.
  • Help someone pack for a move. Bring along a happy attitude.
  • Tell someone you love them. You don't need a reason. Just do it!
  • Give a person a ride to the doctor. The elderly often need transportation but rarely ask.
  • Give flowers. Nothing quite lights up someone's day like a few lovely flowers.
  • Volunteer and donate your time. You say you don't have time? Make time.
  • Allow a car to go in front of you on the highway. What's the big deal anyhow?

Don't forget about children, teens and young adults. Include them too. And don't be afraid to reach out to other people. Sometimes they will let you know if help is needed. But this isn't always the case. You may have to offer right up front.

Enjoy those 'feel-good' endorphins as you help other people.

Make a Firm Commitment to Help One Person Each Month

There are endless ways to give to others. Sometimes, just being a good listener is the best gift you can give. Good listeners aren't easy to come by. Sharpen up your listening skills and do your best to be there for someone who really needs you.

Giving doesn't have to cost anything but a few minutes of your time. With 24 hours in each day, 7 days in every week, surely you can find some time to set aside and help at least one person or group every month.

Call your local rest homes for seniors and care facilities to schedule a visit. Enquire before you go as to who might need your visit the most. I know when my time comes to'pass over I sure wouldn't want to be all alone.

The other person will love your short visit and afterward so will you. You'll feel good inside.

If you are at a loss for words when visiting a person for the first time here are a few suggestions:

  • Ask about their family. We all like to talk about family members. How many children and what are their names? Where do they live? Ask about the spouse even if they are gone.
  • Ask where they were born. How has the world advanced? Allow them to talk about their childhood.
  • What is their favorite food? Maybe you could get a delicious recipe from the individual.
  • Do they have a favorite song? If you know the song sing it with them.
  • Offer to read them poetry or a story. Make it short.


What Did I Give at the End of the Day

As this day comes to an end ~

Did I remember to call a friend

Touch someone’s heart to help it mend

And have I helped someone in need

Or planted laughter as a seed

Did I approach someone brand new

To tell them they improve the view

And what of the elderly all alone

Did I give flowers to brighten their home

Did I lend a listening ear

Or wipe away a budding tear

As I travel down the road

Did I stop to lighten a load

Did I forgive all those who lied

And put away my foolish pride

Lessons to learn along life's way

What did I give at the end of the day

Audrey Hunt

Loneliness and the feeling of being unwanted is the most terrible poverty.

Mother Teresa

In Closing ~

It is my hope that this hub, The Mental And Physical Benefits Of Giving To Others will inspire and motivate all who read it. Most of us are seeking ways to increase our longevity. We all want a sharp brain and a healthy, stronger body. As we give to others, we give to our own mind and body.

The list that I've provided for ways to give is by no means complete. I wouldn't want it to be. You are capable and creative enough to find your own unique ways of giving. And sometimes a giving opportunity will find you when you least expect it. Make kindness a daily mental state in all you do. Find it in every thought and in every action. Mother Teresa did.

If at times you find yourself feeling low in the self-esteem department I promise you if you'll spend time giving to others your level of self-esteem will increase leaps and bounds. The act of giving releases endorphins, your body's natural opiates, which causes you to feel good.

Now may be the perfect time to develop the habit of giving to others. Not only will your mind and body benefit from giving but because a longer and happier life awaits you.

Is Giving To Others Part of Your Life?

© 2011 Audrey Hunt


Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on April 09, 2015:

Hi shanmarie

Absolutely and thanks.

Shannon Henry from Texas on March 25, 2015:

This hub fits well with my latest. May I put a link to yours on mine?

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 25, 2015:

ChitrangadaSharan - How wonderful to see you here. Thank you for your lovely comments. I'm happy you found my hub inspiring. I really appreciate your sharing this. Blessings and peace to you!


Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on March 16, 2015:

Beautiful thoughts and very inspirational hub!

I agree with your suggestions-- the greatest joy is the joy of giving. We must always keep that in mind.

Thanks for sharing this inspiring hub, Voted up and shared on HH!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on June 12, 2011:

shygirl - You have left me such nice comments. It means so much to me. Now, I am on my way to visit you!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on May 05, 2011:

Denise - You are so kind to leave your comments, which are always so welcome. I gave everything I had to the 30day hubchallenge, but fell behind and could not catch up. I will try again next time. Thanks, Denise. :)vocalcoach

shygirl2 on March 28, 2011:

Love this poem!! Good reminder to us all! : ) Up and awesome.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 28, 2011:

Dear Dim - Yes, as you say, a sincere bright smile costs nothing and gives so much to the recepient. I'll bet you have a gorgeous that gives energy and a big lift! :)vocalcoach

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 27, 2011:

Hello Epigramman - I want to thank you for the second visit and apologize for the delayed response. Had a knock-down-drag-out with an antibiotic (see my latest hub)and was down for a while. I visualize you and your two adorable cats, enjoying your view of Lake Erie. What a beautiful site that must be. I'm always thinking of you dear Colin and treasure our friendship...

Smackins - How very good to see you and to read your nice comments. I have'nt had the pleasure of reading your material yet...but I am on my way right now! :)vocalcoach

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 27, 2011:

marcoujor - I am so pleased to see you here and to now be a part of our hubpage family. I love your writing! Blessings to you. :) vocalcoach

Dim Flaxenwick from Great Britain on March 27, 2011:

Thank you for that beautiful reminder of how we should be. It doesn´t cost anything to smile at someone.

smackins1974 from UK on March 27, 2011:

beautiful hub with a worthwhile message.

voted up


Maria Jordan from Jeffersonville PA on March 26, 2011:

Very poignant~~ I will look forward to reading more of your work. Voted UP & AWESOME~~ thank you!

Katie McMurray from Ohio on March 26, 2011:

You give so much, check this out...

We love you! :) Katie

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 25, 2011:

Dear Katie - To write words that touch your beautiful and giving heart is more than one could hope for. Thank you Katie. :) vocalcoach

Katie McMurray from Ohio on March 25, 2011:

What a beautiful and inspiring message and one that touched my heart. Thank YOU! :) Katie

CollB on March 23, 2011:

Lovely hub and inspirational.

epigramman on March 19, 2011:

... well I always need to revisit the classics and say hello to my dear friend - and ask you most sincerely how you have been keeping and hoping that all is well and good in your life. I am currently sitting here by Lake Erie watching a full moon cross over the lake during the course of an evening two cats who are now sleeping have spent most of their time outside today because we are on the threshold here of spring here in Canada ....... keep in touch - let me know how you are feeling and please keep thinking those good thoughts .....

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 16, 2011:

Hello Marina - I so love your comment, "a lovely and warm piece for the heart." I will remember this and thank you. You're the best! vocalcoach :)

Marina Lester on March 16, 2011:

"When troubles found wet lonely tears

Did I listen with my heart or just with my ears" Beautiful, a lovely and warm piece for the heart. The world can always use words like these. :) Thank you.

Denise Handlon from North Carolina on March 16, 2011:

Audrey, A beautiful poem. What an inspiring message for all of us. Thank you.

BTW--I posted a 'question' in the hubchallenger forum that you may want to look at detailing the group 30 day hubchallenge for this April. Hugs to you.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 12, 2011:

50 - It is such a joy to give in some small way to someone else. I am glad to see you here and thankyou for

leaving your lovely comments. Blessings and love :)

50 Caliber from Arizona on March 12, 2011:

vocalcoach, voted up, an awesome and up lifting hub that brought a smile to my old heart, Many Blessings from God and all the readers here, Much peace and Love, 50

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 10, 2011:

Dolores - How different our world would be if everyone lived these beautiful words. It is important that parents teach their children as well as set an example for them. Thank you for sharing with me and for the example you, yourself set.

Chatkath - Your words are so touching. Like most behavior, giving to others is a habit to be cultivated. Glad you liked the image, too. Thank you, my friend!

CMCastro - Thanks for your comments. And yes, I do have a very strong spiritual side :)

theseus from philippines on March 09, 2011:

Thank you,dear.I'm touched by such sweet words. I'm blessed to have found new friends like you through HP,too.God bless you.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 09, 2011:

theseus - You always bring out the best in others...because YOU are the best! I am so very blessed to have met you through hubpages. I love your articles!

theseus from philippines on March 09, 2011:

You really have the gift!The message is simple-Be a blessing to others,lend a hand,share a part of yourself,give love.You did all of those through this. Simply beautiful!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 07, 2011:

epigramman - I love the feeling of tears stinging my eyes with the sheer joy of your words as they penetrate my heart and soul.As with each of us, there are times when a person seems to be tested beyond what is bearable. Then, the name epigramman appears followed by the most uplifting message...and all things are possible! At the end of the day, you have given the most precious gift of all...just the right words...wrapped in your giving heart!

epigramman on March 07, 2011:

.......well you are just a poetic inspiration to all of us with your unselfish spirit and beautiful heartfelt writing which could only come from someone as extra-special as you!!!!!! You are the sun which comes up in the sky over my lake - and my guardian angel of good wishes and support here at the Hub!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 06, 2011:

toknowinfo - How I appreciate your kind words. I am now on my way to check out one of your hubs. Thanks so much.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 06, 2011:

Betty - You have put the biggest smile on my face! I just love you and I am one lucky lady to have met you here on hubpages. You make my heart sing. And right now, I am hopping over to your place to treat myself to one of your stunning articles. Hugs and warm wishes. vocalcoach

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 06, 2011:

Sinea - Thank you my new hub friend for your sweet words. It means everything to me. I will be regularly reading your wonderful hubs.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 06, 2011:

quadsiaP1 - I am please to hear that you enjoyed reading my hub. Thank you very much.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 06, 2011:

kimh039 - Loved your comment about how feelings of rejection affect our immune system. Thanks so much for the information. I have suspected as much, but now I know for sure. Thank you for being you...I admire you so much!

Kim Harris on March 06, 2011:

Loneliness and the feeling of being unwanted is the most terrible poverty. MT

That reminds me of my hub on how feelings of rejection affect our immune system....not to be overly solicitous. Science often goes behind spirituality to explain why what we already know is true, is true!

Thanks for the reminders, vocalcoach. Except for the time I spend with my grand daughter and in my groups that I do, I've been really focused on doing rather than being. It is so refreshing just to "be with". Thanks:) (I have a vacation planned!)

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 06, 2011:

Fossillady - all of us should be asking the same questions to ourselves. There is much to be done and so many to do for. Thanks for adding your very worthwhile comments. You're the best!

toknowinfo on March 06, 2011:

Beautifully expressed. Thoughtful and intelligently written. I enjoy your writing.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 06, 2011:

Prasetio - I am always so very happy when you like my hubs. You are truthful, respectful and find just the right ingredient in my articles. Also, you live this message daily and are the most giving person. You always leave a supportive and kind message for us, here on hubpages. We all love you prasetio...especially me! And your new avatar is is you. I wish you much joy, music and love. :) Vocalcoach

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 06, 2011:

Olojo - I am so pleased that you liked my poem. Thank you for rating.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 06, 2011:

b.Malin - It takes so little, to give so much. I see that you are this type of person and I am grateful to know you!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 05, 2011:

Kindacrazy - and I might say the very same about you! I do love following you are going to see quite a bit of me. Thank you!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 05, 2011:

amillar - I was hoping that my poem would inspire others. Thank you for confirming that it has. I really appreciate knowing this!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 05, 2011:

Carrie - Thank you for your sweet words. I hope you are doing well and getting better each day. You are always in my prayers. God Bless you, dear lady!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 05, 2011:

medor - The glorious Mother Theresa has always been an inspiration to me, as I know she has to millions. How quickly we get caught up in "our own small stuff", forgetting to take a moment to help someone else who is more in need of us. Thank you and God Bless!

Dolores Monet from East Coast, United States on March 05, 2011:

Hi, vocalcoach. What a beautiful reminder of how we should live our lives. As St. Francis said ' Lord, make me an instrument of thy peace, where there is hatred, let me show love, where there is injury, pardon....'

It seems as if the happiest people are the givers, not the takers.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 04, 2011:

Imchemist - Oh, thank you for rating my poem beautiful. My heart skips a beat when I revieve a rating such as this. :)

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 04, 2011:

Silver poet - I am always "lifted up" when you stop by, read my hub and take time to leave me a comment. Especially when the comments are so kind. Thank you, silver poet.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 04, 2011:

CMCastro - Thank you for sharing your lovely story. Mother Theresa will always be my heroe, and now you are too. There are many who give to others and sacrifice to do it, but I know of none that compares to Mother Theresa. Money, wealth and riches mean nothing. We will be judged by our Creator, not for how rich we are, but how giving we are. Thank you dear lady.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 04, 2011:

Dear James - You are a living example of caring for others. Not only your outstanding hubs, but your always supportive comments you give to others, including me.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 04, 2011:

Ashantina - Giving to others brings its own reward, even 'tho we aren't looking for one. When I feel blue, I immediately get busy and do something for someone else. You are by nature a giving person - I see that in your comments and your profile. So glad I found you here on hubpages. Thanks.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 04, 2011:

mckbirdbks - Wonderful to see you here, especially after reading your marvelous story. Thank you for taking the time to stop by. As you know...I am a big fan!

mckbirdbks from Emerald Wells, Just off the crossroads,Texas on March 04, 2011:

A simply refreshing message.

QudsiaP1 on March 04, 2011:

Nice hub, enjoyed reading it, thank you. :)

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 03, 2011:

H P - So nice to have you visit. It is always a pleasure to see you!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 03, 2011:

timorous - What great comments! You add so much to my poem. I am very grateful. See you soon.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 03, 2011:

breakfastpop - Thanks for leaving the table long enough to read my hub and leave a comment. I know how busy you are preparing some wonderful recipe of yours, accompanied by a brilliant hub! :)

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 03, 2011:

Fay - So very nice of you to read my poem and leave me a comment. I love that you are following me now and going to treat myself to one of your wonderful hubs!

Betty Johansen on March 02, 2011:

An exquisitely beautiful poem. And with such a valuable, passionate theme. I want to print it out and read it every morning.

I really liked these lines: "...Did I approach someone brand new To tell them they improve the view..." Of course, you were using view because it rhymes with new, but it's a perfect line - not only because it rhymes but also because it's a great idea. I think I'm going to start going around telling people they improve the view.

By the way, vocalcoach, you improve the view and touch the heart! Thank you.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 02, 2011:

Random Life - Thanks for reading my poem. I am now on my way to check out your wonderful hubs. Nice to meet another "Nashville" soul. Best regards, vocalcoach!

Fay Paxton on March 02, 2011:

Just beautiful! A wonderful reminder to start my day.

voted up and beautiful

Kathy from California on March 01, 2011:

Wow, what I lovely message! It kind of makes one think of what you can do for others and not what others can do for you...I think everyone needs a reality check now & then, your poem did that for me! Thank you for sharing it! I love the blue image too.

Kathi Mirto from Fennville on March 01, 2011:

Oh, this is such a beautiful poem and the message is very profound! I questioned myself the whole way through, Did I do this, did I do that? I keep meaning to volunteer at the retirement home in our small town and keep putting it off! I need to get off my b... and do it!

prasetio30 from malang-indonesia on March 01, 2011:

I wish I always give my knowledge and help others at the end of the day. I liked this topic and I am proud to be your friend here. You made this so beautiful, very inspiring and touch deep in my heart. I hope I can be a good man who always care with others. I am not living a lone in this world. Well done, my friend. I learn much from you today. Vote up. God bless you.

Love and peace,

Sinea Pies from Northeastern United States on March 01, 2011:

How absolutely lovely. What kindness. Thank you.

Olojo Oluwasegun from Lagos Nigeria on March 01, 2011:

wow! the hub is great.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 01, 2011:

RealHousewife - You are a tremendously giving person yourself! As are the good hubs you write, which I continue to look forward to reading. It really takes so little to improve some ones day. And the "giver" actually is the one who recieves the most. Hugs to you RealHousewife and Real Friend.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on March 01, 2011:

Rebecca - You are an example of one who gives. Your knowledge of making the most of hubpage articles help all of us. As I read the comments left by your readers, I see that each one always learns something of tremendous value from the information you so generously share. Instead of keeping the much-needed tips to yourself, you share them with others. You are a giver!

b. Malin on March 01, 2011:

How very Beautiful and so Heartfelt Vocalcoach. So many, many wonderful lines...I Love it! LOL.

amillar from Scotland, UK on March 01, 2011:

A beautiful, inspiring poem - cheers.

Ashantina on March 01, 2011:

Simply beautiful Vocalcoach. I've been reminding myself of this recently.. its such a good feeling to give, and as you say, ITS FREE!!

James A Watkins from Chicago on February 28, 2011:

Yes, you are so right. Our mission is to lighten the load of our brothers and sisters by loving them. Thank you for a lovely poem. God Bless You!

Christina M. Castro from Baltimore,MD USA on February 28, 2011:

When I graduated from Bible College with a Bachelor's degree in Theology, I was also given a certificate of recognition with a title of "Missionary". This does not mean I was called by my ministry to go overseas and to go into poverty stricken neighborhoods, it is because I have always had a generous nature, always going out of my way for others. I have always been like that anyway, I know that doing for others is what God has called me to do. I tell you all this, because I can relate to Mother Teresa in her own personal quest. She was just born to give, and never changed her life method. I say Bravo to you for sharing your thoughts on this, and it is so nice to get to know your spiritual side.

Rebecca E. from Canada on February 28, 2011:

as always beautiful adn awesome, keep it up.

Kelly Umphenour from St. Louis, MO on February 28, 2011:

Beautiful and touching - I just don't know how you keep on giving so much of yourself. It is in your words - beautiful words:-) Thank you!

Silver Poet from the computer of a midwestern American writer on February 28, 2011:

Very true, and very well put.

ImChemist on February 28, 2011:

Thanks for sharing this beautiful hub , that i rated beautiful.

Kindacrazy from Tennessee on February 28, 2011:

Beautiful from the inside!

carrie450 from Winnipeg, Canada on February 28, 2011:

A beautiful touching poem vocalcoach, well done.

Tim Nichol from Me to You on February 28, 2011:

You're quite right..we don't take enough time to make other's lives more worthwhile. And yet, it takes very little of our day to do so. It's a good habit to get is its' own reward.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on February 28, 2011:

Mentalist - Very pleased to know that you find my little message important. I needed to hear that. When you give me a thumbs up, then I know I am going in the right direction. Thank you, my friend!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on February 28, 2011:

Will...I thank you, my friend. You always bring a nice smile to my face when you stop by. Certainly do appreciate you!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on February 28, 2011:

Will...I thank you, my friend. You always bring a nice smile to my face when you stop by. Certainly do appreciate you!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on February 28, 2011:

drbj - Awwwwwwwe - Thank you my dear friend. I can always count on you. How about a nice big hug!

drbj and sherry from south Florida on February 28, 2011:

This poem is so sweet and tender, Audrey, and so very much YOU!

WillStarr from Phoenix, Arizona on February 28, 2011:

Way to write coach!

Mentalist acer from A Voice in your Mind! on February 28, 2011:

Important message vocalcoach,CHEERS.;)

H P Roychoudhury from Guwahati, India on February 28, 2011:

Very nice.

medor from Michigan, USA on February 28, 2011:

Thanks... i could tell it was Mother Teresa what a fine soul... love he that's for bringing her wisdom into my morning... thanks again

breakfastpop on February 28, 2011:

A simple and beautiful formula for happiness. Voted up and beautiful.

RandomLife from Nashville TN on February 28, 2011:

Nice hub. I enjoyed my reading.

Related Articles